The puppy's vaccination period begins at around 4 weeks of age and ends at approximately 13 weeks, having to be re-vaccinated annually each year. It is vital to keep updated the order of vaccinations and internal deworming of our dog if we want to guarantee its health. Vaccines given to dogs are to immunise them from diseases as serious as distemper, parvovirus, infectious hepatitis, leptospirosis, rabies, kennel cough, leishmaniasis and filaria. Rabies and heptavalent vaccines are the mandatory annual vaccines throughout the European Union. Annual kennel cough, leishmaniasis and filariasis vaccines are not mandatory, but we strongly recommend their application as these are diseases that can lead to the death of the dog.
The vet check-up implies a meticulous examination each part of the body. Although we do a review ourselves on the dog, it is very important not to avoid the veterinary check up since the vet has the appropriate knowledge and experience to efficiently detect anomalies that we have not been able to see, as well as having veterinary instruments that will allow him better examine ears and eyes or take the dog's temperature, among others. It is advisable to do at least one review every 3 months. These reviews can be done at the same time as the dog's programmed vaccinations for comfort.
The vet can protect the dog from internal parasites by offering the dog chewable tablets that must be supplied every 3 months. By internally protecting our dog we will be preventing intestinal parasites from installing in his body. Dogs can contract these parasites without great effort, simply by sniffing the ground and licking it, by ingesting something that already contains that parasite, or through the bite of a mosquito infected by the parasite. These parasites are usually not visible, so the only way to detect them is through a stool test. We can suspect that our dog has internal parasites if it loses weight and appetite, vomits, its hair falls out and stops shining or does not excrete properly.
External parasites are better known as they are visible and easily detectable. The main ones are fleas and ticks, although mites are also frequent, which due to their size we cannot see but cause itching and even scabies in our dog. It is very important to keep our pets continuously protected since by putting means we will also be avoiding the bite of the leishmaniasis mosquito (sand fly). This mosquito is the transmitter of the leishmaniasis parasite and can cause the death of our dog. The vet can help us select the best way to protect our dog from external parasites by means of syrups, pills, pipettes and/or anti-parasite collars.
Like us, our dogs' teeth tend to get dirty as they eat different foods and this ends up creating plaques. Neglecting to take care of our dog's mouth can lead to serious problems such as tooth loss, gingivitis, retraction or hyperplasia of the gums, or the passing of bacteria from the mouth into the blood that often lead to kidney and heart problems. For dogs that have already developed tartar plaques, the veterinarian can carry out oral cleaning with sedation through ultrasounds that produce small but very constant vibrations that shake the plaque and detach it from the tooth.
The veterinarian is in charge of cutting the dog's nails. We should not try to cut our nails ourselves without prior training by the veterinarian, since the dog has a bad experience during nail cutting is relatively easy if we do not know how to do it well. Tiny nerve endings run inside the nail, which you must be careful not to cut, but if the dog has dark nails or does not stop moving, the possibility of cutting more than necessary increases considerably.